Length – I generally recommend sizing sleep system length close to your total height or a couple inches longer. This leaves room for the top to cinch around your neck, prevents your toes from pushing into the loft at the footbox, and eliminates the likelihood of tension pulling on the shells. Stomach sleepers may want even more room to point their toes. I would recommend taking a measurement of your total length when lying in typical sleep positions.
For sizing Hybrid False Bottom / Quilt systems like the Newt, you will want to take a few measurements.
Shoulders – the shoulder/top dimension of the hybrid system can be sized smaller than the false bottom sleeping bags if desired. While a false bottom sleeping bag needs to have a top circumference that is at least as large as the circumference of the shoulders and often 5″ larger than the shoulders, the hybrid systems are best sized at the shoulder circumference or 5″ under. Some have successfully sized this dimension as much as 8″ under their shoulder circumference. Anything above your shoulder circumference can be used if you desire extra space.
Torso – The “fetal position” systems are meant to be sized large enough to curl up in fetal position inside of. This is an extremely efficient position to use for warmth retention. By curling up and pulling the footbox in, I can take a sleep system well below it’s rating. Even if you can’t sleep this way, it’s a handy feature to use for warming up prior to stretching out. The side benefits to this sizing are that you can also lay with one leg straight out and one leg up, to the side too. I also use that wide torso girth to sit indian style/cross legged to warm my feet up before bed. To measure for this, sit in a chair with thighs horizontal and knees together. Measure from the front of knees, down one thigh, around butt, up other thigh, and back to knees. Add an inch or two and this should give you a number that is large enough for your knees to pull up.
The “mummy shape” systems are meant to be sized more like a traditional mummy type sleeping bag where the bag bends with your legs instead your legs curling up inside of the bag. If you don’t ever use full fetal position and are more likely to keep your legs together and just bend your knees a little, these systems will be more efficient. To measure the required torso area circumference for these systems you can simply loop a tape measure around your torso with room for your arms at your sides. Estimate the amount of room you need here.
Knee – I typically recommend sizing the knee and foot the same size for a straight footbox. This keeps things warm and efficient when lying out straight. Your legs are like long radiators. If it’s best to curl them up, it’s next best to keep them close together with little space around them to heat up when laying them out straight. Run a tape measure around your knees to find out how much room is comfortable for you. Note that with the custom sizing option, you can stipulate a tapered footbox instead of the preset straight footbox.
Foot – To size the round foot end of the system, measure the length of your foot. Multiply that number by 3.14 and that will give you the circumference you need here. It is possible to get away with less since the circle can be elongated, but this is a safe starting point.